One of the most common ways to describe someone or something in Spanish is by using comparatives. These adjectives compare and contrast two things that belong to the same category. In Spanish, the comparison of inequality deals with unequal relationships and the comparison of equality has to do with two things that are equal to one another. As a result, you should take the time to master the different types of Spanish comparatives.
Superiority and inferiority
In English, we generally add “-er” to an adjective and combine it with the word “than” to make unequal comparisons. In Spanish , however, we use the word “más” in front of the adjective and instead of “than “ we will use “que”.When it comes to inferiority , we could say” menos..que” which is similar to “less… than”. Keep in mind that not only adjectives can be used with comparatives , but also nouns. Look at the examples below:
El gato es más rápido que el perro.> The cat is faster than the dog.
Pedro tiene más dinero que Rita.> Pedro has more money than Rita.
Luis es menos sociable que María.> Luis is less sociable than Mary.
Este libro tiene menos capítulos que el otro.>This book has fewer chapters than the other.
Equality comparatives are different from the superiority and inferiority comparatives as a relationship of equality is established.
Susana es tan alta como Lucia. > Susana is as tall as Lucia.
No vivo tan cerca como tú. > I don’t live so near as you do.
Mi hermana canta tan bien como la tuya.> My sister sings as well as yours.
Regular and irregular comparatives
Some Spanish adjectives have irregular forms. Verbs like: bueno-mejor “better”, malo- peor “worse”, grande mayor “older” and pequeño – menor “younger”
El Rolex es mejor que el Casio. > Rolex is better than Casio.
El Casio es peor que el Rolex. > Casio is worse than Rolex.
Tus padres son mayores que los míos.> Your parents are older than mine.
Mis padres son menores que los tuyos.> My parents are younger than yours.
Now you can use the comparatives in Spanish. At Bright Lingua, you will be able to learn Spanish in a meaningful way.