Spanish irregular verbs

Spanish irregular verbs

Updated May 05, 2023

It is known that there are irregular verbs in all languages that have conjugations. These verbs are different because their conjugations differ from the regular ones. Verb variations happen due to changes in pronunciation which are imposed as a rule or else owing to the historical background of diverse linguistic roots.

Identifying irregular verbs

Spanish irregular verbs do not share the same rules as regular verbs.In other words these irregular verbs do not follow the basic patterns of most regular verbs. Therefore in order to deal with these exceptions, experts find three categories: verbs that are irregular most of the time, verbs that have an irregular “yo” (I) form and  verbs with stem changes.

Grouped in three categories

Firstly, there are Spanish verbs that are in essence irregular most of the time  such as: “ser or estar – to be” ,”ir – to go” and “ haber – to exist” .Take for example; “Yo voy al mercado.” – “I go to the market.” , “Hay una fiesta.” – “There is a party.”. The second group comprises irregular “I” – ”Yo” forms. To give you an idea:.”to give –  dar”, ” to see – ver”, and “to know – saber” change in first person as ”I give” – “Yo doy”, “I see” – “Yo veo” and “I know” – “Yo sé” respectively.  Finally, the third family consists of stem-changing verbs. That is to say, these irregular verbs have changes in the stem. It means e-ie , o-ue, e-i  and u-ue. Here is an example of each verb: “cerrar – to close” , “dormir – to sleep” , “servir – to serve”  and “ jugar – to play”. Look at the following conjugations: “Yo cierro” – “I close”, “Yo duermo” – “I sleep” , “Yo sirvo” – “I serve” and “Yo juego” – “I play”.

Verbal form “hay” – ”there is/are”

The verbal form “hay” comes from the irregular verb “haber”. What is more, it is considered impersonal. What is peculiar about this verb is that it is only used in third person singular, whether the noun is singular or plural. Last but not least, “hay” is usually used with indefinite articles. To illustrate this, “hay un árbol “ -”There is a tree”. Another example can be “hay unos animales” – “There are some animals.”

Now that you are able to identify irregular verbs in the indicative present, you can describe your everyday routine.Bright LIngua offers Spanish classes that can upgrade your knowledge of Spanish to a higher level in communicative contexts.

Now that you are familiar with irregular verbs, you will be able to identify them more easily and describe your daily routines using the indicative present. At Bright Lingua you can find Spanish courses that can adapt to your purposes to learn this language. We offered the most dynamic method to learn Spanish actively and count on the best prepared native teachers.

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